album #4 of the big four albums (the pinacle of Sepultura’s career), and the last before the descent of their popularity following the departure of Max, singer/guitarist, main songwriter, and founding member of Sepultura. some Sepultura fans love this album and other ones hate it. it mainly has to do with the inclusion of the ethnic Brazilian world music element that is so prominent with this album. from the tribal percussion to the Portuguese chanting, to the lyrics that focus on the “roots” of Sepultura’s Brazilian heritage. for some people, it just strays too far from the traditional thrash metal foundation that was the band’s core from the early days. there’s even a hint of “nu-metal” influence in the songs (no doubt a result of Ross Robinson’s involvement in producing the album – he worked on the first Korn album). nevertheless, this album is extremely heavy, and simplistic at the same time. its bare-bones metal boiled down to the minimalistic, basic element. the riffs are simple, and the beats are solid… several months after this album, Max’s stepson was killed in an auto accident, and this incident was a catalyst in the severing of ties between Max and the rest of the band. Max would go on to form Soulfly (their first album almost sounds like Roots part 2), and the remaining members would continue with Max’s replacement Derrick Green, to create the Sepultura album, Against.